Students will participate in two sessions related to calculating errors.  This ensures that everyone has sufficient understanding of errors to apply it to the other activities.

By the end of the activity students will:

  1. Understand the difference between systematic, random and representativity errors
  2. Be aware of the need for calibration and validation to evaluate systematic errors
  3. Understand the concept of probability distributions applied to error analysis
  4. Understand the concept of independence in environmental measurements, and the effect correlations in data have on error estimates
  5. Know how to calculate random errors
  6. Be able to calculate the errors in combinations of measurements, whatever the formula used.